Setting training for a particular time each day is more complex than it appears to be. Various factors influence the selection of a specific period to train.
Definitely, we cannot consider the three hours immediately after each main meal, as this time should be allotted for digestion of the meal. Considerable physical exertion during this period is not advised
(since gastric digestion is priority, blood should not be directed to the muscles).
Ideally, people should train when their stomach is empty, but the glycemia level is constant. With a normal awake and asleep rhythm, there are two ideal moments when fitness programs and training can be set. One can be scheduled in the morning hours between 10 am and 12 noon, and the other in the afternoon between 4 and 7 pm.
These periods are currently practiced in most sports, confirming that this is the best time for training.
Body temperature is another argument for selecting one of these time periods, as the body temperature now reaches its maximum. The afternoon period is better because the body temperature is higher and this results in an enhanced sports performance.
Very early morning exercise is not advisable, in the period just after waking up and before breakfast. There are some authors, however, who support having training in this period. With the lack of food during sleeping, the reserves of glycogen are limited, and this is a reason for the use of the adipose tissue much earlier in training than in other cases.
Unfortunately, the stress hormones (cortisone) are secreted in abundance at the same time, so in addition to the adipose tissue, the risk of losing precious muscular tissue also exists.
Yet another argument against this is the fact that during the hours of the morning, the body temperature is extremely low. As a result of no motion parameters such as force, speed, mobility, skill, and resistance can be fully activated. An extended and tiring period of warming up would be required, and this would delay the actual training time.
Everyone is in agreement that training before bedtime is not recommended, as sleep would be delayed for a few hours because of the growth of cortical activity and body temperature.
This schedule can be adapted to any time zone or biorhythm, and with the installation of automatism, there will definitely be increased the effectiveness of the training.
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